Linux instead of Windows. Is it worth it?
What will be discussed?
At the present stage of their professional project I am engaged in the issue of migration of commercial and municipal organizations to free software, or rather that part which is guaranteed to meet all client needs. So I think it is reasonable to limit the scope of this article software from Microsoft and open source software in the GNU / Linux-based, and in particular the OS MS Windows / Ubuntu Desktop office and MS Office / OpenOffice.org package.
I think anyone who understands that stealing someone else’s work – it is bad, but earn on it (if it is stolen) is even worse. But historically, that pirate Windows and Office in our country is the norm. At least the lion’s share of this software outside Moscow to purchased (or download) illegally. Sometimes management usually does not understand or does not want to understand the importance of the acquisition is legal software. Those who are willing to “go legit”, after the invoice immediately immersed in deep hibernation. Of course, there are many rental software program, but the first to capitalize on this special does not work, and secondly is not about that. :)
Responsibility for illegal software
If you are familiar with the art. 146 of the Criminal Code, then you know very well that for such “tricks” of criminal responsibility. I am not in any way do not want anyone that scare, I think this post is not the first, which refers to this responsibility. This is just one of the arguments, and not less important than the high price of software from Microsoft.
Today, in most cases, within the framework of the issue at the next target to date: Go to a legal (licensed) software as much as possible with less financial and operating costs.
What You Should Know
What software works in the organization (which is work, but not «photoshop we have to openly sorts for the holidays to do,” and polls installed vista ultimate, instead of the same business).
What hardware is used in the organization (in particular, this trade equipment, a variety of smart cards, win’s, scanners, etc.).
How many “wooden” frames per organization (means users are not able and / or willing to learn to work with new tools).
What’s in finance?
The site of one of the software developers, helping to smooth the migration process, there is a calculator to calculate the cost of licenses. For example, you might consider a small business for 15 jobs with established Windows, Office, 1C, Garant / Consultant in the workplace, and the terminal / file server.
* If you do not agree with some figures – their substitute, I think actually it does not change …
** I would like to say that in this embodiment is considered to connect the organization to the Internet through a router, that is, without a dedicated proxy server or gateway internet, the figure will increase significantly with them.
I can select multiple correct scenarios.
Organization to buy software from Microsoft and the question will be closed.
We will implement Linux on the greatest possible number of jobs, and servers. In our example, Linux can be implemented throughout the park and the server PC.
Why it is worth to introduce Linux?
Here it should be noted the three items of expensive Price implementation (one-time fee for the work of IT specialists and Linux-software that enables the smallest blood of all the crank), training (usually lack an introductory course for 10-12 h at, if users do not “wooden”), and further support the IT infrastructure.
Also, it should be understood that the price of the services can be any. I operate only those figures with whom he worked.
costs of production
But not everything is so beautiful, as in the example of translation. Often, organizations do need such software as Photoshop, Corel, hCAD and others. And as many accountants use tax reporting system and banking via the Internet, which for technical reasons (and for me, so religious) may not work under Linux.
Here already it is necessary to choose either to put the Windows license or retrain staff. But free analogs negatively perceived by their users of these programs, and then they can not be blamed. If you move away from MS Office towards OpenOffice.org rather trivial task, you learn the same GIMP – not an easy task (own experience), and it is not necessary to arrange about it.
But as a rule, such a situation is the exception that proves the rule.
The reasons for the slow progress of Linux
I do not know how things work in other cities and regions, but we have solved this issue sluggish, one might even say that in general does not anyone (except me, of course;)) can not be solved. I see three reasons:
Not everyone wants to legalize the software installed in the organization. This “apathy” and his superiors as hidden phobia. One of them, “Who will accompany all this, if you will not.” But as you can read above, the difference can be offered to send an annual purchase of Help Desk. And do not think that the Windows-based systems support and maintenance required to a lesser extent, into the picture here is just the opposite.
All the same, experts on Windows-based systems on the market there are incomparably greater. But as it is not sad, increased competition falls not only on the price of computer services and support for but also the quality of these services.
Today, there are software and hardware solutions that are actually required for the work of the organization, but they are not compatible with Linux. And this, in turn, creates a kind of vicious circle, because the producers of these solutions do not create versions on Linux, due to its low (compared to Windows) prevalence (at least on the desktop).
If you head and you do not do not care for the IT infrastructure of their company (which brings you profit!), You must at least think about the consequences that threaten you if you use illegal software for the needs of your organization. And if you can not afford large expenditures only to license software from Microsoft, then you should definitely consider the option of migration to free software.